Inspite of the overwhelming heterosexuality of main-stream news representations, portrayals of homosexual and lesbian people on tv have grown to be significantly more prevalent since 1997 whenever Ellen became the initial tv program to possess a gay character that is leading. This increase is seen within the introduction of homosexual figures on numerous programs such as for instance Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, in addition to suggests that consider homosexual figures in leading functions such as for example Will and Grace and it’s really All general. In addition, cable channels have actually included programs such as for instance Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures much more plot that is complex sufficient reason for more explicit sexual habits.
Even though existence of lgbt figures might have increased recently on both commercial broadcast and cable systems, it really is uncertain just just how often television addresses the intimate dilemmas and issues of intimate minorities.
As noted previously, when homosexual and lesbian figures have actually been a part of programs, they will have frequently been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, nearly all of exactly what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and television was qualitative (including solitary show situation studies), centering on exactly just exactly how certain programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually evaluated the total amount of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et that is al; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported regarding the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual dilemmas associated with gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.
This paper centers on factors evaluating content that is nonheterosexual were included as an element of two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US television.
Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are accustomed to respond to questions concerning the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and sexual talk relating to nonheterosexuals. Specifically, the info analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) as to the extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, especially intimate behavior and speak about sex, present in tv development general and just just exactly what patterns emerge across system genres, system kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content does happen, what exactly is its regularity and just how does it differ across genres, kind of system, and prime time versus nonprime time development?
A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to acquire two big yearly random types of television programs of best interest to adolescents and that were comprehensive of many sections for the tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 broadcast that is commercial (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable systems (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). Considering that the content analyses had been section of a more substantial research study on tv visibility and adolescent sexuality, a few systems had been included due to their interest young audiences including UPN, which televises an amazing wide range of programs with young African American characters (age.g., The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One using one); WB, which tailors its development to white youth, with programs such as for example Gilmore Girls, 7th paradise, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which will show music videos as well as other programs (age.g., dating truth shows) watched by many people teenagers and adults.
Composite week sampling designs have already been found in past analysis that is content to acquire representative examples of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily choosing times of the week or certain time slots for recording over many weeks to lessen prospective bias that might be introduced if all taping had been done inside a solitary calendar week. Recording associated with the test happened mainly more than a 7 week duration within the autumn every year. Because season premiere episodes are staggered for the thirty days of September, we began taping when all nonsyndicated show were showing episodes through the season that is current. Each three different days of the week were randomly selected for taping from all 11 stations, with all seven days of the week represented three times in the sample week. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (from which time youth that is most are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign ended up being lost or perhaps the show was pre empted by sporting or any other events that are special proceeded through the entire winter time.